Prosecco Vs. Champagne

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Both Porsecco and Champagne are well known, sparkling wines that are named in regard to the geographical areas in which they are made. The regulators of the wines get quite offended and testy if anyone outside of the area attempts to use these names in the manufacture of a similar wine. That, however is where these similarities end abruptly.

Champagne is totally French, and can only come from the Champagne region, located in France. Prosecco is totally Italian, and can only be made in the region of Veneto, in the hills of Treviso, in northeastern Italy.

There are only three grapes that can be used to make Champagne in any combination: Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir, and Chardonnay. The Italian grape Glera is the only grape used to make Prosecco.

 

Prosecco

 

Prosecco can only be drunk in the springtime, according to Italian tradition, while Champagne can be consumes anytime, all year long. Prosecco is inteded to be consumed right away and be gone in a month or two. Champagne can be stored for years, especially the more expensive brands, which can be stored for decades.

A regular wine is only fermented one time, while sparkling wine are fermented twice, as that is why you have the bubbles. When Champagne is made, it is first fermented in the wooden barrel, and then again in the bottle. The double fermentation for Prosecco wine occurs in a vat of stainless steel. This is a faster method of fermentation, which makes the Prosecco less expensive and not as able to age as Champagne.

Next, we move on to the interesting fact regarding good vs. cheap Champagne, and much of the result is in the bubbles, believe it or not.

Champagne

The bubbles in Champagne comes from the double fermentation technique as discussed. What actually happens is that the yeast eats the sugar in the grape juice and carbon dioxide is the result, which causes the bubbles to occur. This process takes time, which is what causes the price to increase quite a bit. To make cheap Champagne, the carbon dioxide is simply pumped into the wine, which is not much different than making soda.

So, when it comes right down to it, how does one tell if you have the good stuff, or the cheap Champagne? It is determined by the size of the bubbles, or the Mousse. If the bubbles are smaller and slower, then you have the best Champagne. And this factor is just not for show, as the smaller bubbles give the best flavor too due to the aromatic compounds that are trapped inside as the wine processes.

An additional important element is vintage or non-vintage. If there is a year printed on the label, then that is a vintage wine. This means that it is rare and was reserved for the most ideal years when the grapes were the best.

Wine aficionados crave grower Champagne. This means that the people who are growing the grapes, also smash, ferment them and then make the Champagne. Grower Champagne has more flavor and is truly a quality product because of the quality control factor throughout the entire process. Grower Champagne will indicate that it is grower on the label.

This differentiates from Champagne that is made by middlemen who buy the grapes and then make the Champagne themselves, and the quality is just not that of the growers variety. The minimum anyone should pay for a bottle of good Champagne should be around $35 to get the best quality and better.

To help you differentiate between the two, we provided a chart showing you the differences along with the parameters.

Champagne Vs. Prosecco

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